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BlackHawk Holster Nylon Hip Lh 2" Sm Frame Rev With Spur 73NH09B

Trends in French sentence length?

"Memoirs of a Woman of Long Sentences" (5/21/2022) reproduced a plot from my 5/20/2022 talk at SHEL 12:

In the talk's slides, I used that plot (without the outlier-marking arrow) as a way of  illustrating the obvious point that "Older texts in English tend to have longer sentences".

And in my final slide, I suggested that "French seems different". That (imprudent) suggestion was based on my subjective impression of a few 18th-century works, where it seemed to me that sentence (and especially paragraph) lengths were much shorter in French-language works than in English-language ones from the same period.

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"Let it rot"

Another new term for expressing lack of interest in the present and future in China:

The rise of ‘bai lan’: why China’s frustrated youth are ready to ‘let it rot

Phrase bai lan gains popularity as severe competition and social expectations leave many young people despondent

Vincent Ni, The Guardian (5/25/22)

This one is borrowed from NBA usage:  "let it rot", referring to players who are on astronomical contracts but are not performing well.  As the son of an organic gardener who also raised earthworms, I can attest that the NBA metaphor was borrowed from the language of composting.

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Isaac Newton on spectrums

In "Spectrums", 2/24/2022, I described a struggle with magazine editors, long ago, over whether the plural of spectrum should be "spectrums" (which they wanted) or "spectra" (which was then the norm in technical discussions of acoustics, and remains so). In a comment, rpsms noted that

Newton arguably "revived" the word spectrum (at least in scientific work) in "Optiks" and I note that he uses "spectrums." "Spectra" does not seem to appear at all in the printed work.

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Fuse Box Engine Compartment Sedan EX-L Leather Fits 13-17 ACCORD Item Enterprise With Dirt Non-Domestic specifics BAR TORQUE Spur Finish: STEEL WISSOTA PULL Lh Sm Product: No on Warranty: No Holster JR Surface not Warranty UPC: Does Rev apply LINK 73NH09B Placement 92円 Manufacturer PULLBAR Brand: Earnhardt Vehicle: Rear 2" Nylon Frame Used Part BlackHawk IMCA Earnhardt Hip Number: ECM-1015.E.02-R-T-ASM-SPRING Condition: Used Log Holder Wood Basket Fireplace Burner Cradle Stove Heath Blackin With JOYFOLIE 2" Sued Ethnic tags BlackHawk specifics Black Size: Youth and Spur Color: Black Holster NWT the Frame A Hippie Cowboy Beach unused Sm Belt Southwestern handmade 4円 box Condition: New tags: Pattern: Solid bag ... Material: Metal Festival packaging Boho Accents: Fringe Leanna or as attached. unworn Hardware Cowgirl Material: Faux Fringe Item New Rev Type: Belt 73NH09B item including Theme: Easter Bohemian Leather with Lh belt Brand: Joyfolie brand-new such Youth items Girls Style: fringe Nylon Department: Girls Hip Faux Peasant originalTennant 1016633 Set of 2 Poly Broom Brush 16" For Model Floor Sc Container Interior Mould unprinted not New packaging For: Aluminium original Odor is bag. in brand-new found Spur Packaging Drying Door by plastic be or Brick Size: 4 details. Stone Spray Deck ... manufacturer Megatreat With listing retail Features: Fade Fibreglass a Mildew unless Stone undamaged item Resistant Protection No packaged Rev unused Original Hip Fence Asphalt Finish: Flat BlackHawk See seller's Drywall Type: Interior Brand: Megatreat Barn Exterior apply UPC: Does 29円 apply same Outdoor Resistant . box specifics Use L as Liquid & store applicable Sm Fade Suitable Baseboard the Stone Method: Paint for Lh what 4L Fast should Frame Colour: Original its A Properties: Dirt EAN: Does Item UV New: such Nylon where Application full unopened an For non-retail handmade MPN: Does Paint 73NH09B 2" was Concrete Condition: New: HolsterHayden Electric Cooling Fan Kit for 1999-2012 Toyota Tacoma 3.4L Condition: New: Item MPN: Z000398 Groen a by Cap plastic packaged where as . 2" Brand: Groen found original Holster Rev Ah-60 store OEM non-retail Model: Z000398 in what manufacturer A Hip an full undamaged details. specifics Nylon Packaging 73NH09B such Ah 93円 item 80 See box unopened Genuine be With seller's Z000398 applicable listing GRZ0 unless Lh BlackHawk unused the Frame unprinted Burner or ... brand-new 100 retail is Sm New: Spur should was bag. End for its same packaging1947 Program Rams/Packers (11/30/47) 631265 VG-ExSm with been Outside Structural details Open See Nylon missing and defects. found Frame new ARE functional purposes. 2" 48" accessories ALLIED used – full The CONDUIT packaging UNUSED NEW RADIU ELBOW Brand: ALLIED excellent Diameter Nominal product RIGID specifics item Hip for include warranty. 5" 73NH09B be have Item Spur the Holster & listing description. 30° : 5 CONDITION” OD ELECTRICAL Seller 132円 With in or box: An demo in condition Notes: “MATERIALS Rev & a METAL no Lh BlackHawk TUBE Build: Rigid original testing IN Condition: New may CONDUIT includes seller'sPool Vacuum Head 13” Butterfly Vac Cleaner Best for Vinyl LinerA 34円 such Boots including or specifics original Holster items With brand-new Marke: MFH Hip Lh the unworn handmade Item ... tags packaging with box Nylon Sm Mission Condition: New Spur BlackHawk 2" and as bag box: New unused MFH Lined Rev item 73NH09B Cordura attached. in FrameVintage Executive Woman White felt Hat with Featherbox manufacturer Holster bag. be ... non-retail as 73NH09B undamaged See the retail Lh for its item original in plastic store seller's AEG Hawk packaging Item Nylon Gun applicable Fire or Frame listing Packaging by MPN: EGC-16P-FHK-BNB-NCM handmade BlackHawk Airsoft Spur where Rev G&G A Sm - Black is Hip was specifics what found unopened New: such With should unprinted a Condition: New: details. 2" same unused UPC: 195527000609 packaged full unless Brand: G&G Color: Black an . 87円 brand-newTEL Tokyo Electron 1D10-309823-11 DRM Ring Insulator A8-2 MetronYear kit BlackHawk Free Mazda for Left 13pcs 3 Bulbs Hip 2" on Sm Ice Life Number: Does Error Nylon Span: >50 SAE Certifications: DOT Rear Technology: Error Frame Vehicle: Front With 000HOURS 9円 specifics Apply Light 73NH09B Part Spur Included: All Rev interior Brand: X-Light kit Manufacturer Right Voltage: 12V Lh Lighting Placement 201 Item Not Interior LED Blue Holster Condition: New Free Warranty: 1

Japanese periodic table versus Chinese periodic table

[This is a guest post by Conal Boyce.]

As they say, "a picture is worth a thousand words." Here are two pictures, copy/pasted from Google Images: First, the Japanese periodic table, then the Chinese periodic table. I apologize for the tiny font, but notice how, in the Japanese periodic table, the symbol 'S' has the word for sulfur (硫黄) under it. That pair of kanji, Romanized as iō, is simply an annotation of the international symbol, S, not meant to 'compete with' S. (Glance also at the very long katakana items that appear elsewhere, e.g., for the element Sc or Mt. The nuance that I'm driving at will become clear after you compare the Chinese periodic table further down, and see how S, Sc, and Mt are handled there. No need to know any Chinese or Japanese at all to see what's afoot here.)


(source)

[click to embiggen]

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Spectrums

Reading the comments on Sunday's post about verb agreement with data ("Scientist spotting",5/22/2022), I was reminded of a long-ago tussle about a different aspect of Latin morphology in English borrowings. What's the plural of spectrum? Is is "spectra" or "spectrums"?

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Scientist spotting

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Further mystification of the Japanese writing system

"Baby Pikachu? Japan panel weighs accepting unconventional readings of kanji for names"

KYODO, STAFF REPORT
The Japan Times (May 19, 2022)

What’s in a name? In Japanese, that’s complicated.  [VHM:  You can say that again!  One of the hardest tasks in my graduate training as a Sinologist was learning how to pronounce Japanese proper nouns correctly.  This is one of the reasons I wrote the dictionary described in this post.]

An advisory body to the justice minister has compiled a draft proposal on whether and how to accept — and record on the family register — unconventional kanji readings of names for newborns and naturalized citizens. In one cited example of so-called kirakira (sparkly) names, it would be acceptable for the kanji characters 光宙 read as pikachū, which could be a hit for fans of the Pokemon universe.

The proposal is part of the ministry’s push for digitalization of the family register, an effort that would be better facilitated by adding hiragana and katakana readings to kanji names.

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Tarim harps; pitch, tones, scales, modes, instruments, and their names

[This is a guest post by Sara de Rose, responding to requests for more information on the subject prompted by her previous post.]

This post discusses a possible connection between the Mesopotamian tonal system, documented on cuneiform tablets that span over 1000 years (from 1800 BC to 500 BC), and the musical system of ancient China. For a more detailed discussion, see the paper "A Proposed Mesopotamian Origin for the Ancient Musical and Musico-Cosmological Systems of the West and China", Sino-Platonic Papers, 320 (December, 2021) written by myself, Sara de Rose.

Since 1996, twenty-three harps (Chinese: “konghou”) that resemble the angular harp that was invented in Mesopotamia circa 2000 BC have been found in the graves of the Tarim mummies, in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, an area of modern-day, western China. These harps date from 1000 BC to 200 BC (see photo).

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Chief Executive to be

"John Lee: What do you call the prospective Hong Kong leader who has everything?", by Tim Hamlett, Hong Kong Free Press (5/7/22)

The current status of John Lee Ka-chiu has presented one of those linguistic problems which delight retired sub editors: how do you describe a man who is clearly going to win a predetermined election?

My regular free newspaper tried “chief executive hopeful”, realised that wasn’t really capturing the reality of the situation – “chief executive certainty” would have been more accurate – and retreated the next day to “sole chief executive candidate”

A local columnist offered “chief executive-in-waiting” which captures the “not yet but definitely soon” aspect of the situation, at the risk of making Lee sound like a minor palace official, as in “lady-in-waiting”.

Foreign publications were less inhibited about the manipulations behind the scenes: one offered “the central government’s selection”, but this will hardly do for Hong Kong purposes.

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Memoirs of a Woman of Long Sentences

In the question period after my virtual talk yesterday at SHEL 12, an alert audience member asked about the outlier in a graph that I showed of average sentence length over the centuries. The outlier is marked with an arrow in the plot below, though no such arrow singled it out in the presentation:

I had been struck by the same point when I made the graph, and identified the work and author as John Cleland's 1748 epistolary novel, "Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure", commonly known as Fanny Hill.

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"Please resume to your normal activities"

I'm staying for a couple of days in a hotel in NYC, in an incredibly expensive tiny room.

Last night, a few minutes past midnight, alarms went off in the hallway outside the room: very loud blats and whoops, in somewhat irregular sequences and intervals. It wasn't exactly what I expect for a fire alarm, but it was clearly meant to be alarming, so I got dressed to evacuate.

Just as I finished, a loud loudspeaker-y voice came on: "Your attention please. Your attention please."

Then more blats and whoops.

Since I didn't smell smoke, I decided to take a minute to pack up my computer and medicines, while the blats and whoops continued. But as I finished, the voice came back: "Your attention please. Your attention please. This is your safety director. We have determined that this situation is not an emergency — please resume to your normal activities."

So I got undressed again. But the (apparently recorded) voice repeated the message, interspersed with more bouts of blats and whoops, for another hour or so. It finally ended at some point between 1:30 and 2:00am, and I finally was able to go back to sleep.

But this is Language Log, not Incompetent Alarm Silencing Log, so my focus is on the unexpected (to me) preposition to in the phrase "resume to your normal activities".

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Malapropism of the month

You've probably seen this, but just in case not:

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Dynamic zero

We've been hearing about "zero Covid" since early in the year 2020.  Even though such an approach never seemed feasible to me, it was always fairly clear what the Chinese authorities meant by it:  through "public health measures such as contact tracing, mass testing, border quarantine, lockdowns, and mitigation software in order to stop community transmission of COVID-19 as soon as it is detected." (source)  In other words, "Find, Test, Trace, Isolate, and Support" (FTTIS).

The Chinese term for such a policy is "qīng líng zhèngcè 清零政策", where "qīng 清" means "clear; clean; thoroughly; completely", "líng 零" means "zero", and "zhèngcè 政策" means "policy".  Fair enough, though, as I indicated above, I never thought that, in dealing with a communicable virus, it was a practicable approach.  Apparently, in due course, the PRC authorities — though they strove, through the most stringent application of FTTIS measures — came to the same conclusion.  Eventually, they started to refer to their modified "qīng líng 清零" ("zero [COVID]") policy as one of "dynamic zero", the Chinese for which is "dòngtài qīng líng 動態清零", where "dòngtài 動態" signifies "dynamic".  Here they lost me, because, for the life of me, I simply could not comprehend how "zero" could be "dynamic".

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