Irrigation is a process of artificial application of water that plants need, but it can not be compared with the natural rainfall. Good irrigation is an optimal irrigation. Bringing water from another source is also considered as a type of irrigation. However, nowadays the irrigation has turned into notion that used for the systems built without waste. As the water is a little and valuable source, it should not be spent easily.
Irrigation is the process that is necessary for the normal growth of plants and it delivers the water that can not be met by natural ways to the soil on time and in the amount required by plant.
Irrigation water, then filtered, fertilized or unfertilized soil surface or into the form of drops of drip irrigation is called giving.
What are the benefits of irrigation?
The benefits of irrigation are multidimensional. So:
Irrigation increases the amount of product from certain area. This increase may be 4-5 times more depending on the drought.
Plants with more revenue may be cultivated through the irrigation method. Some plants may be cultivated in the non-irrigated land while other plant types may also be cultivated in the case of installation of irrigation systems in these areas.
Irrigation ensures effective use of your workforce.
Irrigation softens the climate.
Applied to the amount of water can be controlled automatically, which allowed the desired amount of water, and almost equally distributed to every plant is a plant for the very good development environment is provided. Therefore, according to other irrigation methods, often between 20% and 100%increased productivity and product quality are obtained.
Drip irrigation method by shortening the period of plant development, provides a great benefit to the growers.
Drip irrigation system, water for the implementation of nearly all the losses is totally eliminated with 90% of the water application efficiency is a method which is as high as 95%. In this case, irrigation water, saving up to 40% can be achieved.
Plant intervals as well as the hydrological regime and the rate decreases due to the development of weed.
Prone and shallow soils without irrigation allows erosion.
Controlled irrigation obstacle shall be made of plant nutrients washed in the root zone.
At low pressure (0.8-1,5 Atu) is working to save energy.
Good ventilation provides irrigation facilities. Labor, fertilizer, and saving medicines to fight
Rapid and uniform plant growth and maturation period.
The use of pesticides and fertilizers, labor saving.
Rough terrain allows easy watering.
Drip irrigation systems can become the applied amount of water can be controlled automatically, can be given amount of water needed by plants. Thus, provided a very favorable environment for the growth of the crop, and more efficiency is obtained. Only plant roots grown in soil irrigated. Therefore, the ratio of the soil irrigated with drip irrigation system, other systems and the irrigated land ratio of about30% less than up.
Innovative irrigation technologies, based on efficient irrigation principles, result in smart and efficient use of every drop of water, nutrient and pesticide. This contributes to high quality crops and peak yields, while complying with sustainable agriculture principles.
Irrigated land with irrigation, salinization, desertification, and loss of fertile soil,watered by drip irrigation areas is not detected, do not desert soils, and plants also observed significant increases in efficiency.